Today, political momentum for action on AMR is growing. At the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) special session on AMR, in September 2016, 193 Member States pledged to “develop . . . multi-sectoral national action plans, programmes, and policy initiatives, in line with a One Health approach and the global action plan.”
AMR containment will depend on country-led efforts implemented in countries. But effective AMR containment also demands coordinated action across national borders. Adequately resourced multilateral agencies can multiply the impact of country policies. Multilateral organizations mobilize international attention, facilitate cooperation and knowledge sharing, provide technical advice and standards, and catalyse multi-sectorial action. Successful AMR strategies will also engage private firms, research institutions, global and local civil society, and other partners.